Thermotoga is typically a bacillus enveloped in a outer cell membrane (the 'toga'). Thermotoga enzymes are active at high temperatures (image adenylosuccinate lysase from T. maritima).

Thermotogales are thermophilic or hyperthermophilic, growing best around 80°C and in the neutral pH range, with a maximum of 900C. Salt tolerance of Thermotoga species varies greatly, ranging from extremely high salt tolerance to low-salinity habitats. Thermotogales are aerobic gram-negative organisms, and are typically nonsporeforming and capable of metabolizing several simple and complex carbohydrates – including glucose, sucrose, starch, cellulose, and xylan. Thermotogales exhibit L-alanine production similar to the achaeal Thermococcales, suggesting that L-alanine production from sugar is a trait of a former ancestral metabolism.

Division >>> Thermotogae
>> Order Thermotogales > Genus Petrotoga Thermotoga
or, Bacteria; Thermotogae; Thermotogae (class); Thermotogales; Thermotogaceae
T. elfii, T. hypogea, T. lettingae, T. maritima, T. maritima MSB8, T. naphthophila, T.neapolitana, T. petrophila, T. subterranea, T. thermarum, T. sp., T. sp. strain FjSS3-B.1

This item is being cultured.

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